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Aam Admi Party (AAP)

President: Arvind Kejriwal

Basic Info

About,Aam Aadmi Party

Aam Aadmi Party is an Indian political party, formally launched on 26 November 2012, and is currently the ruling party of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.The AAP has its origins in the India Against Corruption movement organised by Anna Hazare, Arvind Kejriwal and some other social activists who had been involved in Team Anna, a strand of the anti-corruption movement for a Jan Lokpal Bill that had gained momentum in India during 2011 and 2012.

Hazare had wanted to keep the movement politically neutral but Kejriwal considered that direct involvement in politics was necessary because attempts to obtain progress regarding the Jan Lokpal Bill through talks with existing political parties had, in his opinion, achieved nothing.

Hazare and Kejriwal agreed on 19 September 2012 that their differences regarding a role in politics were irreconcilable.

Kejriwal had support from some anti-corruption movement activists, such as Prashant Bhushan and Shanti Bhushan, but was opposed by others such as Kiran Bedi and Santosh Hegde.

On 2 October,Kejriwal announced that he was forming a political party and that he intended the formal launch to be on 26 November, coinciding with the anniversary of India's adoption of its Constitution in 1949.

The party made its electoral debut in the 2013 Delhi Legislative Assembly election, where it emerged as the second-largest party, winning 28 of the 70 seats. With no party obtaining an overall majority, the AAP formed a minority government with conditional support from the Indian National Congress.
 
A significant part of its agenda was to quickly introduce the Jan Lokpal bill in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. When it became clear after the election that the other major parties would not support this bill, the AAP government resigned. It had been in power for 49 days.
 
In the 2015 Delhi Legislative Assembly election, AAP won 67 of the 70 seats in the assembly. Among two national political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party won 3 seats, while the Indian National Congress did not win any.

Party Description

INITIAL STEPS

On 18 May 2013, a group of Indian Americans from 20 different cities in the USA held a convention in Chicago and extended support to the AAP. The convention was attended by two AAP leaders, Kumar Vishwas and Yogendra Yadav, and Kejriwal addressed it via video conferencing.
 
Aruna Roy and Medha Patkar, who had differences with Kejriwal on certain issues, supported him after his 15-day fast against inflated electricity bills.
 
On 22 March 2014, the Janata Dal (Secular) party of Delhi announced it would merge with the Aam Aadmi Party, citing Kejriwal's tenure as Chief Minister of Delhi.
 
In early 2014, there was some media speculation that an alliance might form between the AAP and Communist Party of India (Marxist). Prakash Karat, the CPI(M) leader, thought that there were some ideological similarities between the two parties, such as their agendas relating to social justice and decentralisation of power.
 
The AAP's Prashant Bhushan explicitly refuted any joining of forces, claiming that there was corruption within the CPIM.
 
A columnist, T. C. A. Srinivasa Raghavan, said that the AAP was right-wing when it came to morality and left-wing when it came to economics.The party is also regarded as being populist and to the left of the Indian National Congress economically.
 

Party Funding

On 26 November 2012, the formal launch day of the AAP, the former law minister, Shanti Bhushan, donated ₹10 million (US$150,000). Prashant Bhushan, his son, was a member of the party's National Executive Committee.[28] The party raised ₹20 crore (US$3.0 million) by November 2013. The party received ₹18 crore (US$2.7 million) in 2015 assembly polls.
 
The party started with a claim of being transparent in its funding. However, it had failed to disclose the details of the same on its website as promised earlier.The action of party to remove details of funding was questioned by Yogendra Yadav and Anna Hazare in 2016.
 

Protest 

On 23 March 2013, Kejriwal began an indefinite fast in an attempt to mobilise people against inflated power and electricity bills at a house in Sundar Nagri, a low-income group resettlement colony in North-East Delhi.
 
During the protest he urged Delhi citizens not to pay the "inflated" water and electricity bills.The AAP also demanded an audit of power and electricity supply in Delhi by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India also supported by Civil Society Groups like National Alliance of People's Movement (NAPM).
 
The AAP claimed that the protest gathered support from 100,000 people in Delhi on a single day and from more than 300,000 people up to 28 March 2013.Anna Hazare urged Kejriwal to end the fast on 29 March and he did so on 6 April.
 
On 10 June 2013, Kejriwal supported the agitation by Delhi auto rickshaw drivers, who were protesting the Delhi government's ban on advertisements on auto rickshaws. Kejriwal claimed the government's ban was because the drivers supported his party and carried AAP's advertisements on their vehicles.
 
He said that the AAP would put 10,000 advertisements on auto rickshaws as a protest.In retrospect, after Kejriwal had been elected and then resigned his position, a union representing the drivers expressed dissatisfaction saying "Arvind Kejriwal, who had won the elections because of the support of the auto drivers, has betrayed them by not fulfilling any of the promises made before the elections".
 
On 22 April 2015, AAP organised a rally in Delhi against land acquisition bill.
 

AAP In Delhi Assembly Election(2013)

The 2013 Delhi state assembly elections were the party's first electoral contest. The Election Commission approved the symbol of a "broom" for use by the AAP in that campaign.The party said that its candidates were honest and had been screened for potential criminal backgrounds.
 
The AAP published its central manifesto on 20 November 2013, promising to implement the Jan Lokpal Bill within 15 days of coming to power.
 
In November 2013, a sting operation conducted by Media Sarkar, alleged that several leaders of AAP, including Kumar Vishwas and Shazia Ilmi had agreed to extend their support to some people seeking assistance with land deals and other financial arrangements in return for donations in cash to AAP.
 
Ilmi offered to withdraw her candidature as a result but the party refused to accept her offer, describing the footage as fabricated and a violation of the Model Code of Conduct.The Election Commission ordered an inquiry regarding the legitimacy of the video.
 
AAP emerged as the second-largest party in Delhi winning 28 of the 70 Assembly seats; the Bharatiya Janata Party as the single-largest party won 31 while its ally Shiromani Akali Dal won 1, Indian National Congress won 8 and two were won by others.
 
On 28 December 2013, the AAP formed a minority government in the hung Assembly, with what Sheila Dikshit describes as "not unconditional" support from Indian National Congress.Kejriwal became the second-youngest Chief Minister of Delhi.As a result of the Delhi elections, AAP became a recognised state party in Delhi.
 

AAP In General Election(2014)

The party fielded 434 candidates in the 2014 Indian general election, in which it did not expect to do well. It recognised that its support was based primarily in urban areas and that different strategies might be required for regions such as Uttar Pradesh where caste-based politics are the norm.
 
The party pointed out that its funding was limited and that there were too many demands for local visits from Kejriwal. The intention was to field candidates in large numbers to maximise the likelihood of recognition as a national party by the Election Commission.
 
The outcome was that 4 AAP candidates won, all from Punjab.Consequently, AAP became a recognised state party in Punjab.The party obtained 2% of all votes cast nationwide and 414 of its candidates forfeited their deposit by failing to secure one-sixth of the vote in their constituencies.
 
Although the party secured 32.9 per cent of the votes in Delhi, it failed to win any seats there.
 
Immediately after elections, Shazia Ilmi (a founder and PAC member) resigned from party, alleging that the party was being run by a coterie and lacked internal democracy.
 
The criticism of Kejriwal's style of leadership continued with National Executive member Yogendra Yadav's letter to his party members, in which he claimed the members were "falling prey to personality cult". He said "Let me reiterate that Arvind bhai is no ordinary leader and there are no two opinions about his continuing as the national convener; nor have I ever doubted his status as first among equals within the party's leadership. The real question is whether there are limits to personal discretion of the leader."
 
After the National Executive meeting on 8 June, the party and Kejriwal acknowledged these differences and announced the launch of "Mission Vistar" (Mission Expand) to include more people in local as well as national decision making.
 

AAP In Delhi Assembly Election(2015)

The Delhi state assembly elections for the Sixth Legislative Assembly of Delhi were held on 7 February 2015 as declared by Election Commission of India.The Aam Aadmi Party scored a landslide victory by winning a majority of 67 of the 70 seats.
 
The BJP was able to win 3 seats and the Congress party saw all its candidates lose.Kejriwal became the Chief Minister for the second time.
 
AAP had started campaigning in Delhi right from November 2014 and declared candidates for all 70 seats.
During the campaign, Kejriwal's statement of "Paise lekar sting kar lo"created controversy by asking volunteers to take bribes from other parties while recording the bribe .
 
He claimed that BJP had been trying to bribe AAP volunteers.The situation caused the Election Commission of India to instruct Kejriwal to desist from breaking the laws governing the model code of conduct for elections in India but the Delhi court then allowed Kejriwal to challenge this.
 
President's Rule was subsequently rescinded and Kejriwal became the Chief Minister of Delhi with six Cabinet Ministers (Manish Sisodia, Asim Ahmed Khan, Sandeep Kumar, Satyendar Jain, Gopal Rai and Jitender Singh Tomar).
 
Major differences surfaced within the party leadership soon after the party's victory. It created deep fissures between the founding members who had together championed the India Against Corruption movement.
 
The problems emerged in February 2015 when Yogendra Yadav and Prashanth Bhushan wrote a joint letter to the National Executive highlighting Kejriwal's tendency to unilateral decision-making which they alleged had compromised the party's core principle of Swaraj.
 
After continued allegations, counter-allegations and several failed attempts of reconciliation between the two sides, Yadav and Bhushan were first removed from PAC and later from the National Executive after the party's National Council passed a resolution to expel them for their alleged anti-party activities.
 
Party leaders refuted accusations made by Yadav and Bhushan at the meeting that party was murdering democracy and resorting to intimidation.In April 2015, Yadav, Bhushan, Anand Kumar and Ajit Jha were removed from the party.
 

AAP In Assembly Election(2017)

The party contested in Goa Legislative Assembly election, 2017 and Punjab Legislative Assembly election, 2017.It lost all the seats and failed to save deposits of 38 out of 39 seats in Goa on which it's candidates contested.
 
The results have spelt out bad news for the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), which contested assembly elections in Goa and Punjab for the first time.These elections were an opportunity for the party to expand its footprint to these states.The party has accepted the people’s verdict.
 
“We accept the public’s verdict. All our volunteers have worked very hard, our fight will go on,” Delhi chief minister and AAP national convener Arvind Kejriwal said on Twitter.
 
While the party has managed to get a lead in 20 seats in Punjab, they are trailing far behind the Congress party which is leading with over 75 seats. Punjab has a total of 117 assembly constituencies.
 
“We respect the decision of the people of Punjab. We will review our loss and will continue our fight for the rights of our volunteers. Best wishes to the new government,” Sanjay Singh, senior leader of the AAP and Punjab in-charge, said on Twitter.
 
In Goa, the party contested all the seats but is yet to open its account. Its chief ministerial candidate Elvis Gomes is trailing on the fourth position from Cuncolim constituency.
 
The party was staking claim of being a third alternative between the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Congress.Even before results for the two states were announced, the party has made expansion plans to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s home state of Gujarat. They are also working on their organizational structure in Himachal Pradesh and Karnataka.
 

AAP In Goverment Of Delhi

After coming to power in Delhi, Kejriwal announced reduction in electricity bills for up to 400 units, driven by subsidy. He also ordered an audit of power distribution companies. The AAP government also announced that the homes with metered connections would receive 20 kilolitres of free water per month, but will have to pay 10 per cent more if they exceed that limit.
 
The government scrapped Foreign Direct Investment in multi-brand retail. It established an anti-graft helpline for the citizens to report corrupt officials.
 
The government's plan to conduct Janata Durbars (public hearings with ministers) were abandoned due to mismanagement. Vinod Kumar Binny, an AAP Member of the Legislative Assembly was expelled after rebelling against the party.
 
On 20 January 2014, Kejriwal and his ministers staged protests at Rail Bhavan against the Union Government Home Ministry. These came after his Law Minister, Somnath Bharti, had been dissatisfied with the response from the Delhi police to allegations relating to a neighbourhood popular with immigrants from Uganda and Nigeria.
 
Kejriwal was demanding that the police should come under direct control of the Delhi government and that officers who had refused to do as Bharti had requested should be suspended. He said that the protest will not hamper his work as he had brought along files and would carry on working from the venue of the protest.
 
He later claimed that it was the first time in Indian political history that a Chief Minister had protested on the streets to raise his Government's demands for a fair inquiry. After two days, he ended his fast when the Lieutenant Governor, Najeeb Jung, intervened by sending on leave two of the policemen involved and setting up a judicial enquiry.
 
Also in January 2014, the party's office in Ghaziabad was attacked by right-wing activists protesting against Prashant Bhushan, who has expressed a personal opinion against the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act in Jammu & Kashmir by talking of a referendum in that state to decide whether the people want the army to handle internal security. This caused the AAP to determine that its prominent members would in future refrain from expressing opinions on anything that was not agreed by a broad consensus within the party.
 
By January 2014, financial support for the party from non-resident Indians had halved during the party's period in government, possibly reflecting disenchantment. The party also admitted that its systems may have significantly overstated members introduced through a nationwide recruitment campaign that was affected by hoaxers.
 
In February 2014, the AAP tried to introduce a Jan Lokpal Bill in the Delhi Assembly, However, Jung said that the AAP government tabling the bill without his agreement would be "unconstitutional" because the correct procedures for introduction had not been followed. This view was supported by Congress and the BJP, and Jung advised the Assembly Speaker not to allow the tabling.
 
The AAP government stated that it was following all the procedures and there was no need to obtain prior approval from the centre or Lt Governor to table the bill, and tried to table the bill. When BJP and INC blocked the introduction of the bill, the AAP government resigned and Delhi was placed under President's rule instead.
 
Kejriwal alleged that there was a nexus among Congress, BJP and the industrialist Mukesh Ambani, and the two parties had "ganged up" against AAP after it filed an First Information Report against Ambani.In March, the party declared that it would seek re-election.