Arvind Kejriwal Biography
Aam Admi Party
Arvind Kejriwal (born 16 August 1968) is an Indian politician who is the Chief Minister of Delhi since February 2015.He first served as Chief Minister of Delhi from December 2013 to February 2014,stepping down after 49 days.He is the national convener of the Aam Aadmi Party.His party won the 2015 Delhi Assembly elections with a majority,obtaining 67 out of 70 assembly seats.
Kejriwal graduated from Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur,and worked in the Indian Revenue Service as aJoint Commissioner of the Income Tax Department in New Delhi.
In 2006.Kejriwal was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Emergent Leadership recognising his involvement in the grassroots movement Parivartan using right-to-information legislation in a campaign against corruption.The same year,after resigning from the IRS,he donated his Magsaysay award money as a corpus fund to found the Public Cause Research Foundation a non-governmental organisation (NGO).
Education & Background
Kejriwal was born in an upper middle-class educated family in Siwani,Bhiwani district,Haryana on 16 August 1968,the first of the three children of Gobind Ram Kejriwal and Gita Devi.His father was an electrical engineer who graduated from the Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra,and whose work led to many changes in the family's residence.Kejriwal spent most of his childhood in north Indian towns such as Sonepat,Ghaziabadand Hisar.He was educated at Campus School in Hisar and at a Christian missionary Holy Child School at Sonipat.
In 1985 he took IIT-JEE exam and scored All India Rank (AIR) of 563.He graduated from the Indian Institute of Technology in Kharagpur,majoring in mechanical engineering.He joined Tata Steel in 1989 and was posted in Jamshedpur.Kejriwal resigned in 1992, taken leave of absence to study for the Civil Services Examination.He spent some time in Kolkata,where he met Mother Teresa, and volunteered with The Missionaries of Charity and at the Ramakrishna Mission in North-East India and at Nehru Yuva Kendra.
In 1995,Arvind married Sunita,a 1993-batch IRS officer.She took voluntary retirement in 2016 as Commissioner of Income Tax in the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal.
The couple has two children.Kejriwal is a vegetarian and has been practising the Vipassana meditation technique for many years.He is diabetic.
Arvind Kejriwal As IRS
Kejriwal joined the IRS as an Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax in 1995 after qualifying through the Civil Services Examination.In November 2000,he was granted two year’s paid leave to pursue higher education on condition that upon resuming his work he would not resign from the Service for at least three years.Failure to abide by that condition would require him to repay the salary given during the leave period.He rejoined in November 2002. According to Kejriwal, he was not given any posting for almost a year, and kept getting his salary without doing any work; so, after 18 months, he applied for leave without pay.
For the next 18 months, Kejriwal was on sanctioned unpaid leave in February 2006. he resigned from his position as Joint Commissioner of Income Tax Department in New Delhi.The Government of India claimed that Kejriwal had violated his original agreement by not working for three years.Kejriwal said that his 18 months of work and 18 months of unpaid absence amounted to the stipulated three-year period during which he could not resign and that this was an attempt to malign him due to his involvement with the Indian anti-corruption movement.
The dispute ran for several years until, in 2011,it was resolved when he paid his way out of the Service with the help of loans from friends.Kejriwal paid927,787 rs as dues,but stated that this should not be considered as an admission of fault.
After joining politics,Kejriwal claimed in 2013 that he had chosen public service over earning crores as an Income Tax Commissioner.This led to a controversy, with the IRS association pointing out that he has never been promoted to the rank of Commissioner of Income Tax Department.
Contribution In Parivartan & Jan Lokpal
In December 1999,while still in service with the Income Tax Department,Kejriwal,Manish Sisodia and others found a movement named Parivartan(which means "change"),in the Sundar Nagar area of Delhi.A month later,in January 2000,Kejriwal took a sabbatical from work to focus on Parivartan.
Parivartan addressed citizens' grievances related to Public Distribution System(PDS), public works,social welfare schemes,income tax and electricity.It was not a registered NGO - it ran on individual donations,and was characterised as a jan andolan ("people's movement") by its members.Later, in 2005, Kejriwal and Manish Sisodia launched Kabir,a registered NGO named after the medieval philosopher Kabir.
In 2001, the Delhi government enacted a state-level Right To Information (RTI) Act, which allowed the citizens to access government records for a small fee. Parivartan used RTI to help people get their work done in government departments without paying a bribe. In 2002, the group obtained official reports on 68 public works projects in the area,and performed a community-led audit to expose misappropriations worth 7 million in 64 of the projects.On 14 December 2002, Parivartan organised a jan sunvai (public hearing), in which the citizens held public officials and leaders accountable for the lack of development in their locality.
Along with other social activists like Anna Hazare,Aruna Roy and Shekhar Singh,Kejriwal came to be recognised as an important contributor to the campaign for a national-level Right to Information Act(enacted in 2005).the Government constituted a committee to Draft a Jan Lokpal Bill.Kejriwal was one of the civil society representative members of this committee.However, he alleged that the IAC activists had an unequal position in the committee,and the government appointees kept ignoring their recommendations.The Government argued that the activists could not be allowed to blackmail the elected representatives through protests. Kejriwal retorted that democratically elected representatives could not be allowed to function like dictators, and asked for a public debate on the contentious issues.
The IAC activists intensified their protests, and Anna Hazare organised a hunger strike. Kejriwal and other activists were arrested for defying a police directive to give a written undertaking that they will not go to JP Park.Kejriwal attacked the government on this and said there was a need for a debate over police power to detain and release people at will In August 2011, a settlement was reached between the Government and the activists.
By January 2012, the Government had backtracked on its promise to implement a strong Jan Lokpal,resulting in another series of protests from Kejriwal and his fellow activists.These protests attracted lower participation compared to the 2011 protests.By mid-2012, Kejriwal had replaced Anna Hazare as the face of the remaining protestors.
In 2015 during the second term of AAP government in Delhi the Jan Lokpal Bill was passed by the assembly awaiting presidents approval.
Arvind Kejriwal As CM Of Delhi(28 Dec 2013-14 Feb 2014)
One of the major criticisms directed at the Jan Lokpal activists was that they had no right to dictate terms to the elected representatives. As a result, Kejriwal and other activists decided to enter politics and contest elections.In November 2012, they formally launched the Aam Aadmi Party, Kejriwal was elected as the party's National Convener.
The party name reflects the phrase Aam Aadmi or "common man",whose interests Kejriwal proposed to represent The establishment of AAP caused a rift between Kejriwal and Hazare.AAP decided to contest the Delhi Legislative Assembly election, 2013, with Kejriwal contesting against the incumbent Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit.
In the 2013 Delhi Legislative Assembly elections for all 70 seats,Bhartiya Janta Party won 31 seats,followed by Aam Aadmi Party with 28 seats.Kejriwal defeated incumbent Chief Minister, Sheila Dikshit of the Indian National Congress(INC),in her constituency of New Delhi by a margin of 25,864 votes.AAP formed a minority government in the hung assembly,(claiming support for the action gauged from opinion polls) with outside support from the eight INC MLAs,one Janata Dal MLA and one independent MLA Kejriwal was sworn in as the second-youngest chief minister of Delhi on 28 December 2013,after Chaudhary Brahm Prakash who became chief minister at the age of 34. He was in charge of Delhi's home, power, planning, finance, services and vigilance ministries.
On 14 February 2014 he resigned as Chief Minister after failing to table the Jan Lokpal Bill in the Delhi Assembly.He recommended the dissolution of the Assembly.Kejriwal blamed the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party for stalling the anti-corruption legislation and linked it with the government's decision to register a First Information Report(FIR) against industrialist Mukesh Ambani,chairman and managing director of Reliance Industries. In April 2014 he said that he had made a mistake by resigning without publicly explaining the rationale behind his decision.
Arvind Kejriwal As CM Of Delhi(Second Time )
Kejriwal led AAP to win 67 of the 70 constituencies in the 2015 Delhi Assembly elections,leaving the BJP with three seats and the INC with none.In those elections,he was again elected from the New Delhi constituency,defeating Nupur Sharma by 31,583 votes.He took oath on 14 February 2015 as Delhi's chief minister for a second time at Ramlila Maidan.Since then his party has passed the Jan Lokpal Bill though with some differences.
There has been a long-running dispute between Kejriwal's office and that of the Lieutenant-Governor of Delhi during Kejriwal's second term as Chief Minister.Various issues have been involved,relating which office has ultimate responsibility for various aspects of government, including some significant public appointments.Manish Sisodia characterised it as "It is a battle between the selected and the elected" and indicated after a legal setback that the government was prepared to take the issues to the Supreme Court of India.
He came under flak for tweeting that India is getting isolated in response to Indian government's action of isolating Pakistan on international fora,post the Uri Attack in September 2016. In October 2016,he released a video asking the Prime Minister of India to prove the authenticity of Surgical Strikes on Pakistan in response to Uri Attack.Pakistani media hailed Kejriwal as their hero for this action by him.He has been praised by Pakistani media earlier.