Narendara Modi Biography
Bharatiya Janata Party
Narendra Damodardas Modi (Born on 17 September 1950),is an Indian politician who is the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since May 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. Modi, a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), is a Hindu nationalist and member of the right-wing Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
Education & Background
Narendra Modi was born on 17 September 1950 to a family of grocers in Vadnagar, Mehsana district, Bombay State (present-day Gujarat). He was the third of six children born to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Hiraben Modi.
Narendra Modi's family belonged to the Modh-Ghanchi-Teli (oil-presser) community,which is categorised as an Other Backward Class by the Indian government.
As a child, Modi helped his father sell tea at the Vadnagar railway station, and later ran a tea stall with his brother near a bus terminus.Modi completed his higher secondary education in Vadnagar in 1967, where a teacher described him as an average student and a keen debater, with an interest in theatre.
Narendra Modi had an early gift for rhetoric in debates, and this was noted by his teachers and students.Modi preferred playing larger-than-life characters in theatrical productions, which has influenced his political image.
When eight years old, Modi discovered the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), and began attending its local shakhas (training sessions). There, Modi met Lakshmanrao Inamdar, popularly known as Vakil Saheb, who inducted him as a balswayamsevak (junior cadet) for RSS and became his political mentor.
While Modi was training with the RSS, he also met Vasant Gajendragadkar and Nathalal Jaghda, Bharatiya Jana Sangh leaders who were founding members of the BJP's Gujarat unit in 1980.
Engaged while still a child to Jashodaben Narendra Modi, a girl from a family who lived close by, Modi rejected the arranged marriage at the same time he graduated from high school.The resulting familial tensions contributed to his decision to leave home in 1967.
Modi spent the ensuing two years travelling across Northern and North-eastern India, though few details of where he went have emerged.In interviews, Modi has described visiting Hindu ashrams founded by Swami Vivekananda: the Belur Math near Kolkata, followed by the Advaita Ashrama in Almora and the Ramakrishna Mission in Rajkot.
Modi remained only a short time at each, since he lacked the required college education.Vivekananda has been described as a large influence in Modi's life.
In the early summer of 1968, Modi reached the Belur Math but was turned away, after which Modi wandered through Calcutta, West Bengal and Assam, stopping in Siliguri and Guwahati.Modi then went to the Ramakrishna Ashram in Almora, where he was again rejected, before travelling back to Gujarat via Delhi and Rajasthan in 1968–69.Sometime in late 1969 or early 1970, Modi returned to Vadnagar for a brief visit before leaving again for Ahmedabad.
There, Modi lived with his uncle, working in the latter's canteen at the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation.
In Ahmedabad, Modi renewed his acquaintance with Inamdar, who was based at the Hedgewar Bhavan (RSS headquarters) in the city. After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, he stopped working for his uncle and became a full-time pracharak (campaigner) for the RSS,working under Inamdar.
Shortly before the war, Narendra Modi took part in a non-violent protest against the Indian government in New Delhi, for which he was arrested; this has been cited as a reason for Inamdar electing to mentor him.
Many years later Modi would co-author a biography of Inamdar, published in 2001.In 1978 Modi received a degree in political science after a distance-education course from Delhi University.Five years later, in 1982, he received a Master of Arts degree in political science from Gujarat University.
Narendra Modi As Politician
Narendra Modi As CM of Gujarat First Term
In 2001, Keshubhai Patel's health was failing and the BJP lost a few state assembly seats in by-elections. Allegations of abuse of power, corruption and poor administration were made, and Patel's standing had been damaged by his administration's handling of the earthquake in Bhuj in 2001.
The BJP national leadership sought a new candidate for the chief ministership, and Modi, who had expressed misgivings about Patel's administration, was chosen as a replacement.Although BJP leader L. K. Advani did not want to ostracise Patel and was concerned about Modi's lack of experience in government, Narendra Modi declined an offer to be Patel's deputy chief minister, telling Advani and Atal Bihari Vajpayee that he was "going to be fully responsible for Gujarat or not at all".
On 3 October 2001 he replaced Patel as Chief Minister of Gujarat, with the responsibility of preparing the BJP for the December 2002 elections.On 7 October 2001, Modi was administered the oath of office.
On 24 February 2002 he entered the Gujarat state legislature by winning a by-election to the Rajkot – II constituency, defeating Ashwin Mehta of the INC by 14,728 votes, which enabled him to take office.
Narendra Modi As CM of Gujarat Second Term
Narendra Modi As PM of India
In September 2013 Modi was named the BJP's candidate for prime minister in the 2014 Lok Sabha election.Several BJP leaders expressed opposition to Modi's candidature,including BJP founding member L. K. Advani, who cited concern with leaders who were "concerned with their personal agendas".Modi played a dominant role in the BJP's election campaign.
Several people who voted for the BJP stated that if Modi had not been the prime-ministerial candidate, they would have voted for another party.The focus on Modi as an individual was unusual for a BJP election campaign.The election was described as a referendum on Narendra Modi.
In September 2014, Narendra Modi introduced the Make in India initiative to encourage foreign companies to manufacture products in India, with the goal of turning the country into a global manufacturing hub.Supporters of economic liberalisation supported the initiative, while critics argued it would allow foreign corporations to capture a greater share of the Indian market.
In order to enable the construction of private industrial corridors, the Modi administration passed a land-reform bill that allowed it to acquire private agricultural land without conducting a social impact assessment, and without the consent of the farmers who owned it.
Under the previous bill, the government had required the consent of 80% of the owners of a piece of property before acquiring it for a private project: this requirement was waived.The bill was passed via an executive order after it faced opposition in parliament, but was eventually allowed to lapse.
Health Policies By Narendra Modi
Awards & Achievments
Narendra Modi was named Best Chief Minister in a 2007 nationwide survey by India Today.
In March 2012, he appeared on the cover of the Asian edition of Time, one of the few Indian politicians to have done so,He was awarded Indian of the Year by CNN-IBN news network in 2014.
In 2014 and 2015, he was named one of Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People in the World.
Narendra Modi was also declared winner of the Time magazine reader's poll for Person of the Year in 2014, a feat which he repeated again in 2016.
Forbes Magazine ranked him the 15th-Most-Powerful Person in the World in 2014 and the 9th-Most-Powerful Person in the World in 2015 and 2016.
In 2015, Narendra Modi was one of Time's "30 Most Influential People on the Internet" as the second-most-followed politician on Twitter and Facebook.In the same year he was ranked fifth on Fortune Magazine's first annual list of "World's Greatest Leaders".