About Uttar Pradesh State Legislative Assembly
|Chief Minister||Yogi Adityanath|
|Ruling Party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Opposition Party||Samajwadi Party|
|Chief Electoral Officer||T. Venkatesh|
This state is governed by a Legislative assembly containing 403 members.The member of a legislative assembly will have to serve the office for a period of 5 years. It is the duty of the Legislative Assembly to elect a speaker who would preside over all the meetings conducted by the legislature. The President of India would have the right to appoint the Governor of the state. The Chief Minister is considered as the most supreme in a state and the Chief Minister of the state would lead its administration.
About Uttar Pradesh Political History
Uttar Pradesh (/ˈʊttˈər prəˈdɛʃ/), abbreviated as UP, is the most populous state in the Republic of India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. The densely populated state, located in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent, has over 200 million inhabitants. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. The main ethnic group is the Hindi people, forming the demographic plurality. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved out from the Himalayan hill region of Uttar Pradesh. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast. It covers 243,290 square kilometres (93,933 sq mi), equal to 7.33% of the total area of India, and is the fourth largest Indian state by area. Hindi is the official and most widely spoken language in its 75 districts along with English. Uttar Pradesh is the third largest Indian state by economy, with a GDP of ₹9,763 billion (US$150 billion) and the fourth-largest contributor to India's net domestic product. Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the state's economy. The service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate, insurance and financial consultancies.
State Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh
The last Vidhan Sabha election was held in March 2012. The poll was held in seven phases. The total number of political parties- national, state and registered (unrecognized)- which participated in the Vidhan Sabha election was 222. The number of contestants in the fray was 6839. The number of electors was 127492836. The number of electors who voted was 75725793, which was 59.40% or the total number of electors. The Bahujan samaj party won 80 seats, the BJP won 47 seats, the Nationalist Congress Party won 1 seat, the INC won 28, Rashtriya Lok Dal won 9 seats, and the Samajwadi Party won 224 seats. Samajwadi party formed the government with Shri Akhilesh Yadav as the Chief Minister. The Speaker of the state legislative assembly is Shri Mata Prasad Pandey. The Leader of the Opposition is Shri Swami Prasad Maurya of the Bahujan Samaj Party.
Constituencies in Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh has 80 parliamentary constituencies out of which 17 are reserved for a candidate belonging to scheduled caste. The state has 403 legislative assembly constituencies out of which 85 are reserved for a candidate belonging to scheduled caste.
State Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) of Uttar Pradesh
The Vidhan Parishad is a permanent house of 100 members. The members are elected or nominated for six years and one sixth of them retire every two years. Out of the 100 Legislative Council members, 10 are nominated by the Governor. The rest are elected by various electoral colleges in the state such as those of the Vidhan Sabha members, local bodies, teachers and graduates. Some of the current Vidhan Parishad members are Shri Parmeshwar Lal (BSP), Shri Jitendra Yadav(BSP), Shri R S Kushwaha(BSP), Shri Akshay Pratap Singh (SP), and Shri Dinesh Pratap Singh (INC).
Political Parties in Uttar Pradesh
The Indian National Congress, The Bharatiya Janata party, The Bahujan Samaj Party, The Samajwadi Party, The Communist party of India Rashtriya Lok Dal