West Bengal

About West Bengal State Legislative Assembly

Chief Minister Km. Mamata Banerjee
Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi
Ruling Party All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)
Opposition Party Communist Party of India (CPI)
Parliamentary Constituencies 42
Assembly Constituencies 293
Chief Electoral Officer Sunil Kumar Gupta

This state is governed by a Legislative assembly containing 293 members.The member of a legislative assembly will have to serve the office for a period of 5 years. It is the duty of the Legislative Assembly to elect a speaker who would preside over all the meetings conducted by the legislature. The President of India would have the right to appoint the Governor of the state. The Chief Minister is considered as the most supreme in a state and the Chief Minister of the state would lead its administration.

About West Bengal Political History

West Bengal, one of the India's most populous states, has held regular elections since the constitution of its first Legislative Assembly in 1952. The state has a unicameral legislature. The Vidhan Sabha or the Legislative Assembly has 295 members out of which 294 are directly elected and one member is nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. The state assembly had 240 members in the first Vidhan Sabha and 251 in the second Vidhan Sabha. The number gradually increased to 295 in the eighth assembly in 1977. The tenure of the state assembly is of five years unless it is dissolved. West Bengal is represented in the Indian parliament by 42 directly elected members in the Lok Sabha or the lower house and 16 members in the Rajya Sabha or the upper house. The state also holds elections for the local bodies such as the Municipalities, Zila Parishads and Gram Panchayats. The main political parties in the state are the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM), and the Indian National Congress (INC). The All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) was formed in 1998, and is now a major regional party of the state.

State Legislative Assembly of West Bengal

The last Legislative Assembly elections in the state were held in 2011. The total number of candidates in fray was 1792. The total number of electors was 5,62,83,457, out of which 4,74,64,338 or 84.33% had cast their votes. The All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) with 184 seats formed the government. The CPI won two seats and the CPI (M) took 40 seats. The INC got 42 seats. Mamata Banerjee of the TMC formed the first non CPI (M) government in 34 years. The Speaker of the current Legislative Assembly is Biman Banerjee. The Deputy Speaker is Sonali Guha Bose. The Leader of the Opposition is Surjya Kanta Mishra. New Rules The Supreme Court passed a law in the year 2013 by which all ballot papers and EVMs will now include a "None of the Above" (NOTA) option so that the public has the freedom to not vote for any of the candidates without compromising their anonymity. However, NOTAs will not affect the outcome of the elections and will be considered invalid.

Constituencies in West Bengal

Some of the parliamentary constituencies are Cooch Behar, Alipurduars, Jalpaiguri, Darjeeling, Raiganj, Balurghat, Maldaha Uttar, Maldaha Dakshin, Jangipur, Baharampur, Murshidabad, Krishnanagar, Ranaghat, Bangaon, Barrackpore, Dum Dum, Barasat, Basirhat, Joynagar, Jadavpur, Birbhum, Purulia, Kolkata Dakshin, and Kolkata Uttar. The state has 294 Legislative Assembly constituencies, out of which 68 are reserved for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 16 are reserved for candidates belonging to Scheduled Tribes (ST). Some of the Legislative Assembly constituencies are Gosaba (SC), Basirhat Dakshin, Pandabeswar, Nagrakata (ST), Bangaon Dakshin (SC), Canning Purba, Falta, Madhyamgram, Itahar, Sujapur, Bhatpara, Noapara, Raidighi, Ballygunge, Balarampur, Balurghat, Tollyganj, Labhpur, Asansol Uttar, Asnsol Dakshin, Chanchal, Kalimpong, Lalgola, Murshidabad, Karimpur, Jadavpur

Political Parties in West Bengal

The main national parties of the state are:

The Communist Party of India (CPI), The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM), The Indian National Congress, The Bharatiya Janata Party

The main state parties are:

All India Trinamool Congress (TMC), All India Forward Bloc, Revolutionary Socialist Party, Gorakha National Liberation Front (registered but unrecognised), Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (registered but unrecognised), Democratic Socialist Party (Prabodh Chandra), Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist)